Nearly 70% of the Indian population lives in rural India. Their contribution in India’s economy is the most important. Still our village areas are not that developed and the main reason behind this is the lack of good travelling and transportation facilities.
Even if they find a mode of transportation they have to face the effects of increasing fuel prices. If fuel price increases, it increases the price of almost everything. It’s also difficult to get fuel easily in extreme rural areas.
Indian policymakers have realized the need of Electrical Vehicles. They are implementing many fruitful steps to make rural India self-sustainable through Electric Vehicles.
Electric vehicles can solve many issues and can act as a boon for rural India. Here is how electric vehicles can uplift our rural India.
1. Flourishing Small Businesses
There is no such corporate office work culture in villages. The people there are mostly dependent on agriculture, farming and small businesses.
To sustain these small businesses, they have to travel to cities to get raw materials and products. Most of the time they travel through public transport services which they get far from their homes in an interval of hours.
Many of them use fuel operated two wheelers but it is not cost effective and to get fuel also they have to travel a good distance. Electric two wheelers can help the small business owners in their business growth.
Nowadays, villages in rural areas get between 12 to 15 hours of electricity daily. So charging electric vehicles is becoming possible there.
So instead of waiting hours for the public transportation or buying the costly fuel, they can simply charge their EVs and travel to get their business goods whenever they want and can make more money.
Many electric two wheelers are now made for this purpose only. Like you can check the Okinawa Dual, an electrical two-wheeler specially made for the small business owners who need the transport and delivery of their business goods.
2. Saves Up to 90% of Money
The fuel prices are sky-rocketing in 2021. For common people in the city, buying petrol has become a big deal because it is affecting their life financially.
Just think how difficult it is to buy petrol in rural areas, especially in those areas where fuel stations are far from their villages. Sometimes they have to buy petrol through black marketing which is even more costly there.
The electricity in India is quite cheaper as compared to many other countries. Charging EV batteries through electricity power costs just a one-tenth part when compared to fuel prices.
A travelling of 50 kilometers costs you near about Rs.100 in fuel two-wheelers whereas it only costs up to Rs.10 in electric two-wheelers. For village people it is a quite good amount of money saving up to 90%.
3. Reduces the Mess of Creating a Driving License
Creating a driving license in rural India is quite difficult as compared to urban India. Village people are not that much aware about online applications for driving licenses.
They often have to deal with the brokers to get the licenses which is costly depending upon the nature of the broker. It takes months through brokers and sometimes people get cheated too.
Even if the application process is clear people have to travel to the block offices in cities for the driving demo. The low speed electric two-wheelers such as Okinawa Lite, R30 and Dual do not need any type of registration or driving license to drive.
This means you can own your own electric two-wheeler without worrying about driving license and registration.
4. Higher Education Can Become Easier
Still there are many villages in India where only primary education is possible. To study in junior colleges or for further higher studies, rural India students are only left with a choice of traveling to cities daily through public transport or by using personal fuel bikes, for which they need more money.
Many of them have to leave their studies in the middle after their primary education. It affects the female population the most in village areas.
It has become the general mindset in rural Indian parents to get the girls married soon instead of bearing the cost of their education and travelling.
Electric two-wheelers can at least make the travelling cost affordable for students which can increase their higher education persuasion rate.
Electric scooters are designed especially for girls, so they can ride it easily without much hassle. Plus it is extremely easy to learn riding the two-wheeler EVs.
5. Becomes a Helping Hand in Agriculture and Farming
Farming and agriculture is not only a main source of food and money for rural India but it is also a backbone of urban areas. People in cities don’t do farming and agriculture.
They are totally dependent on the retail markets to buy food materials. So to fulfill the urban areas groceries, vegetable and other edible needs, people in villages work day and night in their fields to grow enough crops and vegetables.
But the farmers barely get the deserved monetary benefits. Most of the money in between goes in travelling and transportation expenses. Even in villages, people have to use fuel operated goods carriers.
Electric vehicles are now equipped with enough power to fulfill the transportation needs in farming and agriculture. Village people keep accountability for every penny they have to make their life easier.
Electric Vehicles can help them earn or save more money than before. Even the cost of groceries and food can get a bit cheaper in cities. Isn’t that great.
6. Charging Electric Vehicles is Easy
As almost all villages are now getting power supply for up to 12 – 15 hours, charging an electric vehicle becomes a homely thing.
When you buy an electric vehicle, they can also assist you with installing the proper plugs and socket in your home to make the EV battery charging hassle-free.
Even the best part is, if the parking area is not equipped with a charging outlet, you can pull out the battery from the EV easily and can charge it anywhere comfortable in your home or shop.
It is a great comfort feature provided by electric vehicles companies to its customers.
Role of Authorities to Make Rural India Self-sustainable Through Electric Vehicles
Government policy makers have now realized the importance of the e-vehicles. They are emphasizing more on the use of electrical vehicles to reduce the pollution and dependency on the fuel import from other countries.
The import bill of the fuel is nearly 8 lakh crore Indian Rupees, which is huge for any country’s economy.
In fact on 20 February 20, 2021, the Ministry of Electronic and Information Technology launched a Rural e-Mobility Programme through its Common Service Centre (CSC) scheme.
They are urging and motivating people of rural India to start using electric vehicles (EVs) instead of depending on fuel vehicles.
Image Source: https://www.csc.gov.in/
On February 19, 2021, Shri Nitin Gadkari (The Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways) launched the ‘Go Electric’ campaign to raise awareness and benefits of using electric vehicles among the people of India.
Launching 'Go Electric' Media Campaign https://t.co/tSIw1uCJ9i
— Nitin Gadkari (@nitin_gadkari) February 19, 2021
Electric vehicles include two-wheelers, three-wheelers and four-wheelers. But, right now they are emphasizing more on two-wheeler EVs because among all the vehicles, 70% are two wheelers.
They are collaborating with the largest e-vehicle manufacturers in India. Such as Okinawa, Hero and Avon to make this change possible in rural India. There are few incentive schemes introduced too.
But there is a long way to go to make rural India self-sustainable. Government and e-vehicle companies are working on building electric vehicle friendly infrastructure.
Providing EV charging stations and service centers at minimum distances (like we have fuel stations now) can promote the use of electric vehicles in both rural and urban areas.
This will eliminate the struggle of people in their middle of the journey with a low power battery or malfunctioned body parts.
Currently the use of solar panels has increased in rural India too. Government bodies should make affordable policies and schemes for solar panel installation at every home.
It can also eliminate the minimal power supply cost. The current electricity power generation capacity in India is 374.2 Gigawatt, which is not enough for cities only, forget rural areas.
The combination of electric vehicles with solar panels can become a boon for our rural India people.
Electric vehicles can create a revolution in India. They can help in restoring an eco-friendly environment and greenery by reducing the air and noise pollution.
On the other hand, our government can save billions of rupees for its economy which is now spent on the fuel import bill.
You can check more about the policies, regulations and guidelines about the electric vehicles in India here.